Developmental Milestones

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  • Smile. Early on, it will be just to themselves. But within three months, they'll be smiling in response to your smiles and trying to get you to smile back at them.
  • Raise their head and chest when on their tummy.
  • Track objects with their eyes and gradually decrease eye crossing.
  • Open and shut their hands and bring hands to their mouth.
  • Grip objects in their hands.
  • Take swipes at or reach for dangling objects, though they usually won't be able to get them yet.
  • Roll over from front to back or back to front. Front-to-back usually comes first.
  • Babble, making sounds that can sound like a real language.
  • Laugh
  • Reach out for and grab objects (watch out for your hair), and manipulate toys and other objects with their hands.
  • Sit up with support and have great head control.
  • Start to crawl. This can include scooting (propelling around on their bottom) or "army crawling" (dragging themselves on their tummy by arms and legs), as well as standard crawling on hands and knees. Some babies never crawl, moving directly from scooting to walking.
  • Sit without support.
  • Respond to familiar words like their name. They may also respond to "No" by briefly stopping and looking at you and may start babbling "Mama" and "Dada."
  • Clap and play games such as patty-cake and peekaboo.
  • Learn to pull up to a standing position.
  • Begin feeding herself. Babies at this developmental stage master the "pincer grasp, "-- meaning they can hold small objects such as O-shaped cereal between their thumb and forefinger. g.
  • Cruise or move around the room on their feet while holding onto the furniture.
Age Gross Motor Fine Motor Language/Cognitive
1 Month Moves head from side to side when on stomach. Strong grip Stares at hands and fingers
2 Month Holds head and neck up briefly while on tummy Opens and closes hands Begins to play with fingers
3 Month Reaches and grabs at objects Grips objects in hands Coos
4 Month Pushes up on arms when lying on tummy Grabs objects — and gets them! Laughs out loud
5 Month Begins to roll over in one or the other direction Is learning to transfer objects from one hand to the other Blows “raspberries” (spit bubbles)
6 Month Rolls over both ways Uses hands to “rake” small objects Babbles
7 Month Moves around –is starting to crawl, scoot, or “army crawl” Is learning to use thumb and fingers Babbles in a more complex way
8 Month Sits well without support Begins to clap hands Responds to familiar words, looks when you say their name
9 Month May try to climb/crawl up stairs Uses the pincer grasp Learns object permanence — that something exists even if they can’t see it
10 Month Pulls up to stand Stacks and sorts toys Waves bye-bye and/or lifts up arms to communicate “up”
11 Month Cruises, using furniture Turns pages while you read Says “mama” or “dada” for either parent
12 Month Stands unaided and may take first steps Helps while getting dressed (pushes hands into sleeves) Says an average of 2-3 words (often “mama” and “dada”)
  • Say one or two words, and "Mama" and "Da-da" become specific names for parents. The average is about three spoken words by the first birthday, but the range is enormous.
  • They point at objects they want to get your attention
  • Begin "pretend play" by copying you or using objects correctly, such as pretending to talk on the phone.
  • Take their first steps. This usually happens right around one year, but it can vary greatly.

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